Objectifs de développement durable
17 goals to save the world
Sustainable development goals* give us the blueprint to a better, more sustainable future for all. They address the global challenges we face, including those related to poverty, inequality, climate change, environmental degradation, prosperity, peace and justice. The goals are interconnected and, to ensure that no one is left behind, it’s important to achieve each of them, and each of their targets, by 2030.
End poverty in all its forms everywhere in the world.
The first goal aims to end poverty and fight against inequalities in all its forms and everywhere in the world. It consists of seven associated target aims: the fight against poverty, access to basic services, reducing the proportion of poor workers and the most vulnerable people, especially women and children.
End hunger, achieve food security, improve nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture
The second goal aims to eradicate hunger and malnutrition by ensuring access to safe, nutritious and sufficient food for all. It calls for the establishment of sustainable and resilient food production systems and agricultural practices.
Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages.
The third goal aims to ensure health and well-being for all, by improving reproductive, maternal and child health, reducing major communicable, non-communicable diseases, environmental and mental illnesses.
Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all.
The fourth goal aims to ensure access to equitable, free and quality education for all at all stages of life, including the elimination of gender and income disparities. It also emphasizes basic and higher level skills for living in a sustainable society.
Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls
The fifth goal is specifically dedicated to the empowerment of girls and women. It concerns gender equality and aims to end all forms of discrimination and violence against women and girls worldwide. The defined targets concern: the fight against discrimination and violence against women, women's access to leadership and decision-making positions and universal access to sexual and reproductive rights.
Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all.
The sixth goal aims for universal and equitable access to safe drinking water, hygiene and sanitation by 2030, especially for vulnerable populations. It also calls for sustainable management of this resource, and mentions the reduction of the number of people suffering from water scarcity.
Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all.
The seventh SDG is at the center of today's major challenges, but also of tomorrow's opportunities. Whether it's fighting climate change, of course, but also developing jobs, housing, connections, security, food production, etc., access for all to sustainable energy is essential.
Promote inclusive and sustainable economic growth, employment and decent work for all.
This eighth goal recognizes the importance of continued, shared and sustainable economic growth to provide decent, quality employment for all. It aims to eradicate undignified work and ensure protection for all workers. It promotes training and employment opportunities for the new generations, accompanied by an increase in skills in "sustainable" jobs.
Build resilient infrastructure, promote sustainable industrialization and foster innovation for all.
The ninth sustainable development goal (SDG) promotes the resilient and sustainable development of infrastructure, industrialization and innovation. These sectors should be a driving force in reducing poverty and improving the quality of life around the world, while having a minor impact on the environment. SDG9 calls for fostering financial, technological and technical support to industries and encouraging innovation and scientific research.
Reduce inequalities among and within countries
The tenth SDG calls on countries to adapt their policies and legislation in order to increase the income of the poorest 40 percent of the population and to reduce wage inequalities based on gender, age, disability, social or ethnic origin, and religious affiliation. In particular, by encouraging the representation of developing countries in global decision-making.
Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable.
The eleventh goal aims to rehabilitate and plan cities, or any other human settlement, so that they can provide employment opportunities, access to basic services, energy, housing, transportation, green public spaces and other services for all, while improving the use of resources and reducing their environmental impacts.
Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns.
The twelfth goal is a call for producers, consumers, communities and governments to reflect on their habits and uses in terms of consumption, waste production, and the environmental and social impact of the entire value chain of our products. More globally, this SDG calls for an understanding of the interconnections between personal and collective decisions, and for perceiving the impacts of our respective behaviors between countries and on a global scale.
Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impact.
The thirteenth goal aims to strengthen the resilience and adaptive capacity of countries in the face of climate hazards and disasters with a focus on strengthening the capacities of Least Developed Countries and Small Island Developing States. This ambition is reflected at every level: through the strengthening of international cooperation, particularly through the operationalization of the Green Climate Fund; in the development of national policies and planning, through citizen awareness and the establishment of early warning systems.
Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development.
The fourteenth goal promotes the conservation and sustainable use of marine and coastal ecosystems, based on three fundamental ambitions: more sustainable management of resources through the preservation of 10% of marine and coastal areas, the fight against overfishing and illegal fishing; the acceleration of scientific research and the transfer of techniques to strengthen the resilience of ecosystems and minimize ocean acidification; and the conception of sustainable management of marine resources as an opportunity for economic and tourism development for Small Island States and Least Developed Countries.
Preserve and restore terrestrial ecosystems
The fifteenth goal aims to establish sustainable management of terrestrial ecosystems (forests and mountains) by preserving biodiversity and soils and limiting the long-term impacts of natural disasters. It calls for the protection of ecosystems and biodiversity to be integrated into national planning and poverty reduction strategies. SDG15 stresses the importance of protecting threatened species through enhanced international cooperation to combat poaching and trafficking and to implement measures to control or even eradicate invasive alien species that are harmful to ecosystems.
Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development
The sixteenth goal concerns three closely related themes: rule of law, quality of institutions, and peace. These major issues refer to questions of access to justice, insecurity and crime, and trust in institutions.
Partnerships for the achievement of goals.
The seventeenth and final goal promotes effective partnerships between governments, the private sector and civil society are necessary to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) at the global, regional, national and local levels. These partnerships must be inclusive, built on shared principles and values, and place people and the planet at the center of their concerns.
* Référence : Nations Unis